Each of the AMURT assisted health centers has a well-equipped laboratory. A lab scientist is available on all clinic days to conduct investigations, and during all surgeries to provide life-saving blood transfusions. On antenatal days the laboratories conduct investigations for the pregnant women, resulting in the following reactive rates: hepatitis B – 6 %, hepatitis C – 5 %, syphilis – 2 % and HIV – 0.7 %. In total, 43 pregnant women tested positive for HIV, of whom 31 were started on PMTCT and 12 were referred. Other HIV positive cases diagnosed were 39.